ISSUE 11, October 2004
Editorial
Elias Ashmole: Masonic Icon
Travel: The magical beauty of Scotland
Honoured: By the Glovers' livery company
The Theatre: Strong links between Craft and stage
Quarterly Communication: Address of the Pro Grand Master and, Report of the Board of General Purposes
Mauritius: Fascinating Masonic history
Rochester Cathedral: Kent Masons' magnificent fresco
Clerkenwell: 25 years of Masonry
  Bravery award: One Mason's heroism is honoured
Christmas shopping: What to buy in London's West End
High flight: Helping terminally ill children
Jewels of the Craft: An essential part of Masonry
Library & Museum: John Pine exhibition and Library & Museum Trust report
Masonic education: Events for Masons; Quatuor Coronati Lodge; Mentors for new Masons
Charities: Masons provide emergency aid for flood victims; Charity news; Demelza gives voice
Letters, Book reviews, Gardening

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Far left:
Annnual Return 1815


Left:
Lord Moira, Pro Grand Master, who consecrated the Catholic Church on Mauritius en route to India


   Freemasons on the island were members of three irregular Lodges formed as far back as 1754 as confirmed by the Apostolic Prefect Teste in a letter to the Archbishop of Paris. Possibly, for this reason, the name La Triple Espérance was chosen, and the emblem of three anchors adopted. The Lodge used the Ancient, Free and Accepted Scottish ritual.
    Freemasonry was closely connected with major events of island life. Masonic halls were venues for social events, and even helped Mauritius indirectly to gain a place in philately history. Invitations to an event were sent with misprinted stamps, thus creating one of the world’s rarest and most valuable issues.
    Of several GODF Lodges, three outlived the remainder. La Triple Espérance still exists. La Paix – which had Sir Robert Farquhar, first British governor as Senior Warden for a while – lasted almost a century, of which my own greatgrandfather was its treasurer in the middle of the 19th century, and La Bienfaisance, which ceased activities, and which came to light again in the same year under the banner of La Grand Loge de France.
    When the GODF modified its Constitution (which removed the necessity of members to have a belief in God) in 1877, La Triple Espérance fought hard to keep the old Masonic tradition. Finally, with the approbation of the GODF, it did not adopt the modification.
    Relationship with the other Constitutions resumed, but not with the United Grand Lodge of England, which compelled its members to retire from all French Lodges. In 1876, members of French Lodges and also Friendship Lodge No. 439 (Scottish Constitution) met to form a new Lodge under the banner of La Grand Loge de France (GLDF).
    Lodge Amitié No. 245 was inaugurated in 1878, working “au Rite Écossais Ancien Accepté”. It was not until 1935 that, again, Brethren from Friendship Lodge and Lodge La Triple Espérance met to constitute Lodge Amitié.
    At the time, relationship between the Grand Lodge of Scotland (GLOS) and GLDF was not good, and it appears that Brethren from the former Constitution may have affiliated to Lodges La Triple Espérance and Bienfaisance. Lodge Le Sphinx No. 715 was constituted in 1952, then Amitié Nouvelle No. 932 in 1980 and Lodge Paix and Harmonie No. 1020 in 1987.
    Regarding the United Grand Lodge of England, Governor Farquhar was appointed Provincial Grand Master, and the first English Lodge – Lodge of Faith and Loyalty No. 676 – was founded in 1816 and erased in 1830. Then, in 1858, came The British Lodge No. 736, and ceremonies were held in the temple of La Triple Espérance (Warrant surrendered 1894). Mauritius Lodge of Harmony No. 841/1143 appeared in 1860 but disappeared in 1868.
    Mauritius Lodge of Harmony was founded by Charter, under the seal of Grand Lodge, in 1873 by the Grand Master, HRH The Prince of Wales, but was erased in 1894.
    The last English Lodge to be consecrated was Lodge of Friendship No. 1696 in 1877, and in 2002 celebrated its 125th anniversary. In 1984 it was brought into the Transvaal District.
    For the Grand Lodge of Scotland, in 1848 the military Lodge St George came with its regiment, followed by Lodge King’s Own Fourth Regiment. Military Lodges came to the colony and left when they were posted elsewhere.
    In 1864, Masons from all the various Constitutions petitioned to the Scottish Grand Lodge, and Lodge Friendship No. 439 was born on St Andrew’s Day 1866 and still exists.
    A close relationship between Lodge Friendship No. 439 (SC) and Lodge of Friendship No. 1696 (EC) existed for many years. Nine Masters have sat in the chair of both Lodges, five of whom have ruled the Lodges simultaneously.
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