ISSUE 10, July 2004
John Pine: A sociable craftsman
Jumping for Joy: Skydiving for charity
Quarterly Communication: Speeches of: the Grand Master, the Pro Grand Master and, Report of the Board of General Purposes
Supreme Grand Chapter: Address of the First Grand Principal and Report of the Committee of General Purposes
Royal Arch: Cheshire gives a lead
  Walking with the greats: Bath Masonic Hall
Motoring in style: Classic Vehicle Club
Masonic education: A daily advancement and Events for your diary
Travel: Portugal
Library & Museum of Freemasonry
International: A warm welcome in Malta
Masonic ritual: Spoilt for choice
Public relations: Sheffield; Dorset; Chelsea Flower Show; Freemasons' Hall
Letters, Book reviews, Gardening

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Featured Masons

The Duke of Wellington
Neal Arden
Elias Ashmole
Richard Eve
John Pine
Cyril Spackman

It is not known when Pine became a Freemason. He was a member of the prestigious Lodge which met at the Horn Tavern in Westminster, one of the four Lodges which formed the Grand Lodge in 1717, now the Royal Somerset House and Inverness Lodge No. 4.
     He also belonged to the Lodge which met at the Globe in Moorgate, now Old Dundee Lodge No. 18. In 1730, Pine served as Marshal at the Grand Feast, directing proceedings ‘with his truncheon blew, tipt with gold’.
     Following his success with the 1723 Book of Constitutions, Pine became the engraver preferred by Grand Lodge. From 1725 to 1741, he produced the annual engraved lists of Lodges. These were directories of Lodges warranted by Grand Lodge, giving details of their time and place of meeting. Each Lodge is distinguished by a miniature engraving of a sign appropriate to the Lodge, usually that of the tavern where the Lodge met. These tiny books are not only charming works of art, but also vital evidence for the early development of Freemasonry.
     The Masonic engravings by Hogarth, such as the drunken Freemason returning home in ‘Night’, suggest a troubled relationship with Freemasonry. Pine was more willing to place his artistic gifts directly at the service of the Craft. He enthusiastically suggested ways in which he could assist Grand Lodge, by for example etching minutes of its meetings so that they could be quickly distributed.
     Pine’s relationship with Grand Lodge was important in his later development as an artist. Freemasonry apparently brought him in contact with the antiquary and scientist William Stukeley, and Pine engraved some of Stukeley’s drawings to illustrate his historical compilation Itinerararium Curiosum.
     Pine’s interest in wider philosophical issues is evident in his illustrations of Henry Pemberton’s 1728 View of Newton’s Philosophy, a popular account of Newton’s theories. Pine not only illustrated this volume, but also subscribed to it, together with his fellow artists and Freemasons, Highmore and Thornhill.
     Thornhill’s patronage again proved important for Pine in 1725 when he obtained an important commission for both Highmore and Pine to produce illustrations of a procession of the Order of the Bath.
     As Pine worked increasingly closely with the European artists who gathered at Old Slaughter’s and elsewhere, he developed more ambitious projects. Particularly important was the influence of Hubert François Gravelot, who arrived in London to assist with the illustrations for a huge encyclopaedia of religious ceremonies begun by Bernard Picart.
     Pine collaborated with Gravelot on his most demanding undertaking to date, a series of engravings of 16th century tapestries in the House of Lords depicting the defeat of the Spanish Armada. These sumptuous works were described by Horace Walpole as ‘ornaments to a princely library’.


Facsimile by John Pine of illuminated initials from the charter granted by Henry VI to Eton College in 1440.

Illustration, designed and engraved by Pine, from Edward Ward's book of comic poems about marriage, Nuptial Dialogues and Debates, published in 1722. Note the young Pine's clumsy draughtsmanship when working from his own drawing, suggesting that he probably engraved somebody else's design for the frontispiece of the Book of Constitutions.

University of Sheffield, above
Library and Museum of Freemasonry, below